J-pouch Ileoanal Anastomosis in Children and Adolescents with Ulcerative Colitis: Functional Outcome, Satisfaction and Impact on Social Life


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Abstract

Objectives:The aim of this study was to evaluate, over a 10-year period, severe surgical complications, functional outcome, patient satisfaction and impact on social life after colectomy and J-pouch ileoanal anastomosis for children and adolescents <18 years with ulcerative colitis.Methods:Data were extracted retrospectively from medical records and obtained by mailed questionnaire.Results:Thirty patients (18 girls) with a median age of 15 years (range, 7-17 years) were identified. Two patients (7%) had the J-pouch removed because of intractable diarrhea. Twenty-seven of 28 patients with preserved J-pouch answered the questionnaire. The median follow-up was 3.7 years (range, 0.3-9.2 years). Surgical complications included eight of 30 patients (27%) with small bowel obstruction, one of 30 (4%) with intra-abdominal abscess and two of 30 (7%) with perforation of the small intestine. The median number of daytime bowel movements was six (range, 3-10) and the median number of nighttime bowel movements was one (range, 0-2). Twelve patients (44%) were completely continent for stool and mucus, 12 patients (44%) leaked now and then and three (12%) leaked often or always. Antibiotic treatment for pouchitis was given in 13 patients (48%). Seventeen patients (63%) were completely satisfied with the operation, nine patients (33%) found the result fairly good and one patient (4%) was not satisfied. Twenty-six patients (96%) reported their health as completely or fairly good.Conclusions:The majority of patients with an intact J-pouch had an acceptable functional result with respect to defecation frequency, continence and number of pouchitis episodes. Most patients reported being satisfied with the procedure.

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