Increased Procoagulant Function of Microparticles in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Role in Increased Thrombin Generation

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Objectives:Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a higher risk for venous thromboembolism compared with non-IBD subjects. The pathogenic mechanisms of the thrombotic events are not fully understood. We investigated levels of circulating microparticles and their influence on thrombin generation in pediatric patients with IBD during active and quiescent disease compared with healthy controls.Methods:Plasma samples were collected from 33 pediatric patients with Crohn disease (CD), 20 pediatric patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and 60 healthy controls. Microparticles’ procoagulant activity was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the dependency of thrombin generation on microparticles-derived tissue factor was determined by means of calibrated automated thrombography.Results:The procoagulant function of microparticles was significantly increased in patients with active and inactive CD, and active UC compared with controls. Endogenous thrombin potential was significantly higher in patients with CD and UC compared with controls. A minor influence of microparticles on thrombin generation was only observed for patients with active UC.Conclusions:Our study shows increased procoagulant function of microparticles in pediatric patients with active and quiescent CD and active UC compared with controls, but demonstrates that they are not a major cause for the higher thrombin generation in pediatric patients with IBD.

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