Effects of a Fixed-dose ACE Inhibitor-Diuretic Combination on Ambulatory Blood Pressure and Arterial Properties in Isolated Systolic Hypertension


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

The ideal therapy for patients with isolated systolic hypertension remains unclear; diuretics, calcium channel blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are all used in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to determine whether a fixed-dose ACE inhibitor/diuretic combination would reduce ambulatory blood pressures (BP) and arterial stiffness in isolated systolic hypertension more than antihypertensive monotherapy. In this randomized, double-blind study, 8 weeks of fosinopril/hydrochlorothiazide combination (10/12.5 mg titrated up to 20/12.5 mg) was compared with the calcium channel blocker (amlodipine, 5 mg titrated up to 10 mg) and diuretic (indapamide, 2.5 mg) monotherapy in 28 patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Each patient received all 3 therapies. Assessments included 24-hour ambulatory BP, clinic BP, and applanation tonometry-derived augmentation index. At 8 weeks, the fall in average 24-hour systolic BP and night time systolic BP were significantly greater in the fosinopril-hydrochlorothiazide group, compared to amlodipine and indapamide. The decrease in augmentation index and central aortic systolic BP was also greater in the fosinopril-hydrochlorothiazide group, compared to either amlodipine or indapamide. There was no difference between therapies in decrease in clinic systolic or diastolic BP, or diastolic ABP (average 24-h, diurnal, or nocturnal). Compared with either calcium channel blocker or diuretic therapy, a fixed-dose ACE inhibitor-diuretic combination induces greater reductions in systolic ABP, particularly at night, favorable effects that may be related to a decrease in the intensity of or delay in arterial wave reflections. ACE inhibitor-diuretic combination therapy is a useful approach to cardiovascular risk reduction in isolated systolic hypertension.

    loading  Loading Related Articles