Treatment of Coronary Spastic Angina With a Statin in Addition to a Calcium Channel Blocker: A Pilot Study

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Combined therapy with a statin and a calcium channel blocker, which can improve lipid metabolism and reduce oxidative stress, may attenuate coronary vasoconstriction in patients with coronary spastic angina (CSA). After 6 months of therapy with benidipine and pravastatin, an acetylcholine provocation test was performed a second time in 25 patients with CSA. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether the result of this second test was positive (n = 13) or negative (n = 12). The test was designated as positive when the intracoronary injection of acetylcholine induced angiographically demonstrable total or subtotal occlusion (positive-test group). In the negative-test group, significant decrease in the plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (−20.7 ± 11.1%, P < 0.01 versus baseline) were observed along with a dramatic increase in the serum level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (26.8 ± 13.2%, P < 0.01 versus baseline). Furthermore, a significant decrease of the malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) level, a marker of oxidative stress, was also observed (-22.6 ± 14.1%, P < 0.01 versus baseline) in this group. In the positive-test group, however, no significant changes were found in any of the aforementioned parameters. The results showed that improvement of lipid metabolism, especially an increase of HDL cholesterol level and a reduction of MDA-LDL, may inhibit vascular contractility.

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