Early Experience with the Gamma Interlocking Nail for Peritrochanteric Fractures of the Proximal Femur

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Abstract

Surgical fixation, early weight-bearing, and bony union remain a challenge in the treatment of peritrochanteric femur fractures, especially if the fractures are comminuted or unstable. Preliminary experience with the Gamma locking nail, a short intramedullary nail connected to a sliding compression screw augmented with distal locking screws, is presented. In a consecutive series of 29 patients, all fractures were adequately reduced and immediate weight-bearing was begun regardless of fracture configuration (13/27 fractures classified as unstable). Twenty-seven patients were reviewed at 6 months. At follow-up, all patients continued to be ambulatory and all fractures healed. Major complications included screw migration in the femoral head (two patients), difficulty in securely placing the distal screws (eight patients), and a femoral shaft fracture through the distal locking screws following a fall. The technical problems inherent in the device and its instrumentation are discussed. In this early experience, the Gamma nail appears to allow for early patient ambulation regardless of the fracture configuration with excellent clinical results.

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