Incorporation of a Computerized Human Patient Simulator in Critical Care Training: A Preliminary Report

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The intent of the study was to document initial experience with human patient simulation, using a full-scale computerized mannequin, in evaluating cognitive performance among junior surgery residents.


This was an observational study of eight postgraduate year-2 surgery residents during initial critical care rotation that assessed their responses to three unknown scenarios using a human patient simulator.


No resident successfully completed the first scenario. Of note was a reluctance to call for help until the scenario reached a critical stage. Subsequent performance improved in areas previously neglected. Resident acceptance of simulation scenarios as a teaching tool was excellent.


The human patient simulator is a valuable tool in critical care education, identifying weaknesses both in individual student performance and in program content.

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