The potential consequences of obesity in trauma patients are significant, yet incompletely defined by previous studies.Objectives:
To evaluate the effect of obesity on morbidity and mortality among injured patients.Methods:
Medical records of all trauma patients evaluated at an American College of Surgeons verified Level I trauma center over a 1-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Morbidity and mortality were assessed after patients were stratified according to body mass index (BMI=kilograms/meters2) and injury severity score.Results:
The mortality of patients with a BMI ≥35 (obese patients) was 10.7% versus 4.1% for patients with a BMI<35 (lean patients, p = 0.003). Nearly 27% of obese patients versus 17.6% of lean patients experienced one or more complications while in the hospital (p = 0.02).Conclusions:
Obese patients are significantly more likely than lean patients to experience complications and death after a traumatic event. This effect is enhanced with higher levels of injury.