Unification of the Revised Trauma Score

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Abstract

Background:

The Revised Trauma Score (RTS) calculated with Major Outcome Trauma Study weights (MTOS-RTS) is currently the standard physiologic severity score in trauma research and quality control. It is often confused with the Triage-RTS (T-RTS), a version that is easier to calculate but only intended for clinical triage.

Objectives:

To compare the accuracy of the MTOS-RTS to the RTS calculated with weights derived from the study population (POP-RTS) and the T-RTS, for predicting mortality in a trauma population.

Methods:

The study population consists of 22,388 patients, drawn from the trauma registries of three Level I trauma centers. The predictive accuracy of the MTOS-RTS, POP-RTS, and the T-RTS were compared using measures of discrimination and model fit from logistic regression models.

Results:

The MTOS-RTS, the POP-RTS, and the T-RTS had the same discrimination (Area under the Receiver Operating Curve [AUC] = 0.841). The POP-RTS and the T-RTS had a slightly better model fit than the MTOS-RTS (AIC = 8010, 8010, and 8067, respectively). The T-RTS had equal discrimination and equal or better model fit than the MTOS-RTS in the whole sample, in each of the three trauma centers and in the population of patients with severe head trauma. The T-RTS was also equivalent to the POP-RTS in all of these population sub-groups.

Conclusions:

The T-RTS could replace the MTOS-RTS as the standard physiologic severity score for trauma outcome prediction. The advantages of using the T-RTS over the MTOS-RTS are ease of calculation, the need for only one measure for triage and mortality prediction purposes and universal adaptation to a broad range of trauma populations.

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