Congenital and Acquired Lung Hernias

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Lung hernia is defined as a protrusion of lung parenchyma beyond the confines of the musculoskeletal thorax. Lung hernias can be classified according to location (i.e., cervical, thoracic, or diaphragmatic) and etiology. Approximately 80% of reported cases of lung hernia are acquired, usually related to trauma or surgery. Symptoms are few, infrequent, and vague. A painless, local, and inconstant bulging is evident on physical examination. The diagnosis of a lung herniation is accomplished using chest radiographs in the most cases. Surgery is usually reserved for large hernias or incarcerated hernias.

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