1Assistant professor of maternal-child nursing at the University of Illinois College of Nursing in Chicago. She was formerly a clinical nurse specialist/supervisor in special care nursing at Michael Reese Hospital and Medical Center in Chicago, where this study was conducted2Associate professor and director of parent-child nursing at the College of Nursing, University of Utah in Salt Lake City. She has worked in neonatal and pediatric clinical settings. The authors would like to thank the department of nursing service at Michael Reese Hospital and Medical Center for the financial support that made this study possible.
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Since even small preterm infants can breast-feed successfully, nurses need to develop better criteria for determining when each individual is ready to begin.