Asymmetries in ground reaction force patterns in normal human gait

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Asymmetries in ground reaction force patterns in normal human gait. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 110-114, 1989. The purpose of this study was to propose a measure of symmetry/asymmetry for normal human gait and to quantify symmetries/asymmetries of normal human gait for selected gait variables using a force platform. Sixty-two subjects performed ten gait trials each, stepping on the force platform five times with each leg. From these gait trials a symmetry index was calculated for 34 gait variables. The upper and lower limits of normal gait were calculated such that 95% of all symmetry indices obtained from this subject population fell within these limits. Upper and lower limits were found to vary from ±4% to over ±13,000%. Extremely high percentages were found for variables which had absolute magnitudes close to zero and/or variables which occurred at distinctly different instants during the gait cycle. The results of these variables need to be interpreted with caution.

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