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CRISAFULLI, A., F. MELIS, V. ORRÙ, R. LENER, C. LAI, and A. CONCU. Hemodynamic during a postexertional asystolia in a healthy athlete: a case study. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 4–9, 1999. Hemodynamic events leading to spontaneous postexertional vasovagal syncope are not completely understood because of the lack of beat-to-beat data. We report a case study of a young athlete who undergoes a syncopal episode during the recovery period following a maximal cycle-ergometer test. The episode was monitored by an impedance cardiograph which can gather noninvasively beat-to-beat the flow of heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), diastolic filling rate (SV/DT), and myocardial contractility index (PEP/LVET). The most important findings of this report are the dramatic reduction of SV/DT preceding the syncope, the increment of SV together with the reduction of HR preceding and following the syncope, the prompt recovery of CO values after the syncopal episode despite the bradycardia, and the reduction of PEP/LVET after the syncope. This report confirms the importance of active recovery immediately after strenuous exercise and supports the hypothesis that the reduction of SV/DT in the presence of an inotropic stimulation can trigger the vasovagal reaction.