Aerobic Exercise Alters Skeletal Muscle Molecular Responses to Resistance Exercise

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Abstract

Purpose

This study assessed the influence of an acute aerobic exercise bout on molecular responses to subsequent resistance exercise (RE).

Methods

Nine physically active men performed a 45-min one-legged cycle ergometry exercise and 4 × 7 maximal concentric–eccentric knee extensions for each leg 6 h later. Thus, one limb was subjected to aerobic and resistance exercise (AE+RE), and the contralateral limb to resistance exercise (RE) only. Knee extensor peak power was determined. Biopsies were obtained from the m vastus lateralis before (PRE) and 15 min (POST1) and 3 h after RE. Analysis determined glycogen content, mRNA levels (vascular endothelial growth factor, peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor-γ coactivator-1, muscle RING-finger protein-1, atrogin-1, myostatin), and phosphorylated proteins (mammalian target of rapamycin, p70S6 kinase, ribosomal protein S6, eukaryotic elongation factor 2).

Results

Peak power was similar in AE + RE and RE. After RE, the time course of glycogen utilization and protein signaling was similar across legs. However, phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin and p70S6 kinase was elevated in AE + RE versus RE (main effect, P < 0.05). Vascular endothelial growth factor and peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor-γ coactivator-1 were higher in AE + RE than in RE at PRE and POST1 (P < 0.05). Myostatin was lower in AE + RE versus RE at PRE and POST1 (P < 0.05) and downregulated after resistance exercise only. Atrogin-1 was higher in AE + RE than in RE at PRE and POST1 (P < 0.05) and decreased after RE in AE + RE. Muscle RING-finger protein-1 was similar across legs. No difference for any marker was evident 3 h after RE.

Conclusions

These results suggest that acute aerobic exercise alters molecular events regulating muscle protein turnover during the early recovery period from subsequent RE.

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