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Several previous studies were carried out on the association between xeroderma pigmentosum group G (XPG) gene polymorphisms (including rs873601 G>A, rs2094258 C>T, rs2296147 T>C, and rs751402 C>T) and the risk of gastric cancer in Chinese populations. However, their conclusions were not consistent. Therefore, this meta-analysis was performed by us to investigate the association between the 4 potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of XPG gene and gastric cancer risk.The eligible literatures were identified through PubMed, Embase, Ovid MEDLINE, Web of Science, CNKI, and Wan fang databases up to July 2017. Finally, 5 studies for rs873601, 7 studies for rs2094258, 4 studies for rs2296147, and 8 studies for rs751402 were used for the current meta-analysis.Of the 4 included SNPs, only rs751402 was showed to be associated with the risk of gastric cancer [C vs T, odds ratio (OR) = 1.16, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.04–1.29; CC + CT vs TT, OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.00–1.52; CC vs CT + TT, OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.05–1.27; CC vs TT, OR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.06–1.72; CC vs CT, OR = 1.13, 95% CI = 1.02–1.25].The current meta-analysis demonstrated that the XPG gene polymorphism rs751402 was associated with increased susceptibility to gastric cancer in Chinese populations. However, studies with a larger number of subjects among different ethnic groups are needed to further validate the results.