Retrospective analysis of the utility of multiparametric MRI for differentiating between benign and malignant breast lesions in women in China

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We explored the utility of time-resolved angiography with interleaved stochastic trajectories dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (TWIST DCE-MRI), readout segmentation of long variable echo-trains diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging- diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (RESOLVE-DWI), and echo-planar imaging- diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (EPI-DWI) for distinguishing between malignant and benign breast lesions.

This retrospective analysis included female patients with breast lesions seen at a single center in China between January 2016 and April 2016. Patients were allocated to a benign or malignant group based on pathologic diagnosis. All patients received routine MRI, RESOLVE-DWI, EPI-DWI, and TWIST DCE-T1WI. Variables measured included quantitative parameters (Ktrans, Kep, and Ve), semiquantitative parameters (rate of contrast enhancement for contrast agent inflow [W-in], rate of contrast decay for contrast agent outflow [W-out], and time-to-peak enhancement after contrast agent injection [TTP]) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values for RESOLVE-DWI (ADCr) and EPI-DWI (ADCe). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic utility of each parameter for differentiating malignant from benign breast lesions.

A total of 87 patients were included (benign, n = 20; malignant, n = 67). Compared with the benign group, the malignant group had significantly higher Ktrans, Kep and W-in and significantly lower W-out, TTP, ADCe, and ADCr (all P < .05); Ve was not significantly different between groups. RESOLVE-DWI was superior to conventional EPI-DWI at illustrating lesion boundary and morphology, while ADCr was significantly lower than ADCe in all patients. Kep, W-out, ADCr, and ADCe showed the highest diagnostic efficiency (based on AUC value) for differentiating between benign and malignant lesions. Combining 3 parameters (Kep, W-out, and ADCr) had a higher diagnostic efficiency (AUC, 0.965) than any individual parameter and distinguished between benign and malignant lesions with high sensitivity (91.0%), specificity (95.0%), and accuracy (91.9%).

An index combining Kep, W-out, and ADCr could potentially be used for the differential diagnosis of breast lesions.

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