|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the endometrium (PSCCE) is a rare entity, and only sporadic cases have been reported in the literature since the 1st report in 1892. This report describes a case of a perimenopausal woman with PSCCE.A 47-year-old, human papilloma virus type 16-positive, perimenopausal woman was admitted to our hospital with irregular vaginal bleeding for 6 months and secondary anemia.The patient was diagnosed with stage IIIc primary and moderately differentiated endometrial squamous cell carcinoma.The patient underwent diagnostic curettage twice and cold knife conization (CKC). Following this total abdominal hysterectomy combined with bilateral adnexectomy and pelvic lymph node, dissection was performed. After the surgery, the patient was treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Tumor markers were followed up regularly after the operation to monitor tumor recurrence and therapeutic effect.Ninety-two days after the operation, there was tumor recurrence of the left pelvic cavity and the patient died after 11 months of follow-up.Intrauterine pathology after the 1st diagnostic curettage suggests that high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion should make the clinician vigilant and investigate the origin of the lesion. Magnetic resonance imaging scans and tumor markers can be used to confirm the diagnosis as soon as possible and avoid unnecessary interventions like CKC.