The impact of lymphovascular invasion in patients with prostate cancer following radical prostatectomy and its association with their clinicopathological features: An updated PRISMA-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis

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Objective:Numerous studies have shown that lymphovascular invasion (LVI) is linked to biochemical recurrence (BCR) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients following radical prostatectomy (RP). However, the actual clinicopathological impacts of LVI remain unclear. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the pathologic and prognostic impacts of LVI in PCa patients.Methods:Following the guidance of the PRISMA statement, relevant studies were collected systematically from the PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases to identify relevant studies published before June 2018. The hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated to investigate the association of LVI with BCR and clinicopathological features.Results:A total of 20 studies including 25,570 patients (106–6678 per study) with PCa were incorporated into this meta-analysis. Overall pooled analysis suggested that LVI was associated with a higher BCR risk both in univariate (pooled HR=1.50, 95% CI: 1.34–1.68, P <.001) and multivariate analyses (pooled HR=1.25, 95% CI: 1.17–1.34, P <.001). In addition, LVI was closely correlated with extraprostatic extension (yes vs no: OR = 4.23, 95% CI: 1.86–9.61, P <.001), pathological GS (≥7 vs <7: OR = 5.46, 95% CI: 2.25–13.27, P <.001), lymph node metastases (yes vs no: OR = 18.56, 95% CI: 7.82–44.06, P <.001), higher pathological stage (≥ T3 vs < T2: OR = 6.75, 95% CI: 5.46–8.36, P <.001), positive surgical margin (positive vs negative: OR = 2.42, 95% CI: 1.57–3.72, P <.001) and seminal vesicle invasion (yes vs no: OR = 5.72, 95% CI: 2.45–13.36, P <.001).Conclusions:This study suggests that LVI in histopathology is associated with a higher risk of BCR and advanced clinicopathological features in PCa patients and could serve as a poor prognostic factor in patients who underwent RP.

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