Milk and yogurt intake and breast cancer risk: A meta-analysis


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Abstract

Different patterns of milk and breast cancer rates across countries suggest that several components of milk could affect breast cancer risk. However, the components of diet are complex including milk that could potentially influence risk. Some milk products such as whole milk and cheese have a high fat content which may increase risk. Moreover, milk products may contain pesticides which have carcinogenic potential. In contrast, some contents of milk such as calcium and vitamin D have been hypothesized to reduce breast cancer risk. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to derive a more precise estimation of the association between dairy food intake and breast cancer risk. Using the data from 8 available publications, we examined low-fat/skim milk, whole milk, and yogurt in relation to risk of breast cancer by meta-analysis. Pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to assess the association. However the results of all milk models and the available epidemiologic evidence do not support a strong association between the consumption of milk or milk products and breast cancer risk. Further studies with larger participants worldwide are needed to validate the relationship of dairy food intake and breast cancer.

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