A verification of the application of the non-derivatized mass spectrometry method in newborns screening of metabolic disorders

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It is required that the clinical screening of metabolic disorders in newborns meet International Organization for Standardization 15189-2012 approval. The new tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) based screening system and its companion reagent should be independently authenticated before their implementation in clinical diagnosis laboratories.Linearity, stability, accuracy, and precision evaluations were carried out to verify the performance of the Waters ACQUITY TQD MS/MS system with the NeoBase non-derivatized MS/MS PerkinElmer kit for detecting amino acids and acylcarnitine in newborns with metabolic disorders.Statistically, the correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.9982 to 0.9999 indicates good linearity. The measurements at the beginning and end of the reagent storage procedure were taken for stability verification. No significant difference was detected between the 2 periods. The amino acid exhibited a degree of bias in the range of 0% to 14.17%, with acylcarnitine's being was in the range of 0% to 14.84%; they consequently passed the quality assessment requirements for clinical laboratories of the China National Centre. The amino acids’ within-run, between-run, and day-to-day run precision were 1.19% to 7.68%, 1.63% to 5.01%, and 4.77% to 12.48%, respectively, while the total imprecision was 5.55% to 13.33%. Acylcarnitine's within-run, between-run, and day-to-day run precision was 1.2% to 8.43%, 0.19% to 9.60%, and 2.33% to 10.74%, respectively, while it's total imprecision was 6.57% to 13.99%. The manufacturer declared that the total imprecision of the tests, using Multiple Reaction Monitoring, should be less than or equal to 25% of the coefficient of variation for the kit's high and low-quality control levels.The performance of the non-derivatized MS/MS screening system in detecting the amino acids and acylcarnitines passed the test's requirements. It was maintained in accordance with the routine clinical chemical detection system.

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