Acupuncture for lumbar myofascial pain Protocol for a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

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Background:Lumbar myofascial pain is a major contributor to chronic low back pain. Acupuncture has been applied as an effective treatment for chronic low back pain worldwide. However, few critical systematic reviews focus on the effect of acupuncture on chronic low back pain caused by lumbar myofascial pain have been published. The study aims to evaluate the current evidence on the efficacy of acupuncture for chronic low back pain caused by lumbar myofascial pain.Methods:A total of 7 databases will be searched from their inception to March 2019, including PubMed, Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, the Chinese Biomedical database, and the Wanfang database. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the effect of acupuncture for lumbar myofascial pain will be included. The primary outcomes will be reduction of lumbar myofascial pain assessed by Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Secondary outcomes are questionnaires to evaluate the effects of treatment on patients’ daily life activities and psychological status; and adverse events. The primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed before (0 day) treatment and at 0, 7, 30, and 90 days after treatment. Data synthesis will be computed by RevManV.5.3.5 software when a data-analysis is allowed. Methodological quality will be evaluated with the risk of bias according to Cochrane Handbook.Results:The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.Conclusion:The study will provide evidence to illustrate acupuncture is an effective therapeutic intervention for chronic low back pain caused by lumbar myofascial pain.Trial registration number:PROSPERO CRD42019129735

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