We have identified a DNA response element (TR2RE-HR) in the 3′ flanking region of the human histamine H1 receptor gene as a target for the TR2 orphan receptor, a member of the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily. The application of both tetracycline inducible and improved differential display systems has allowed us to isolate a cDNA fragment differentially regulated by the expression of the TR2 orphan receptor. Northern blot and sequencing analysis demonstrated that the expression of the human histamine H1 receptor gene was differentially repressed by the TR2 orphan receptor. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay further revealed a specific binding (dissociation constant = 26.2 nM) between the TR2 orphan receptor and the wildtype TR2RE-HR, but not the mutant TR2RE-HR. In addition, reporter gene expression assay indicated that the TR2 orphan receptor may suppress the expression of luciferase activities in a dose-dependent manner via the TR2RE-HR in HeLa cells. Our results demonstrate that the histamine H1 receptor gene could represent one of the target genes directly regulated by the human TR2 orphan receptor.