|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
This cross-sectional descriptive study investigated the type and frequency of physical and psychological symptoms experienced by pregnant and postpartal women and their spouses. The sample of 70 married couples included 23 pairs in an early pregnancy group, 24 in a late pregnancy group, and 23 in a postpartum group. Both spouses completed a symptoms checklist of 20 physical and 3 psychological symptoms and the Beck Depression Inventory. Findings indicate that both spouses experienced some physical and psychological symptoms during pregnancy and the postpartum, although the women reported many more symptoms than did the men. Women in the late pregnancy group reported the highest number of physical symptoms; those in the postpartum group, the lowest number. No differences, however, in reports of psychological symptoms were found among the three groups of women. No significant differences in reports of either physical or psychological symptoms were found among the three groups of men.