Comparison of glomerular filtration rate measurements with the two plasma sample and single plasma sample, gamma camera Gates, creatinine clearance, and prediction equation methods in potential kidney donors with normal renal function

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ObjectiveTo compare measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by single plasma sample methods (SPSMs), gamma camera Gates, 24-h endogenous creatinine clearance, and prediction equations (Cockcroft–Gault and modification of renal disease (MDRD)) with the two plasma sample method (TPSM) considered as the reference in potential kidney donors with normal renal function.MethodsOne hundred and fifteen subjects (50 male, 65 female; mean age 41.9±12.2 years) with normal renal function were prospectively included in this study. GFR was calculated by TPSM (120-min and 240-min samples) and SPSM (180-min sample).ResultsWhile there was strong statistically significant correlation between the TPSM and all SPSMs, low correlation was found in Gates, creatinine clearance, Cockcroft–Gault and MDRD. In all SPSMs, 95% limits of agreements were consistent with each other and within clinically acceptable limits. The lowest bias, median absolute difference, mean percentage error, and the best precision were found for Christensen and Groth's method as modified by Watson (CGmW).ConclusionsAmong the SPSMs, CGmW can reflect GFR more accurately than the other methods. Neither the gamma camera Gates method nor the creatinine clearance method nor the prediction equations (Cockcroft–Gault and MDRD) could calculate GFR accurately. All these techniques could result in mistakes in the management of potential kidney donors.

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