Effects of Monochromatic Aberration on Visual Acuity Using Adaptive Optics

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Purpose.To investigate the effect on visual acuity of correcting specific Zernike aberrations.Methods.Visual acuity was tested for 12 young subjects using a Freiburg Acuity Test procedure under conditions with wavefront aberrations corrected by an adaptive optics system. The adaptive optics system consists of a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor, a deformable mirror, relevant optical channels and closed loop control system. Five aberration correction paradigms were used to correct different Zernike terms.Results.With the second order aberration fully corrected, a significant improvement in visual acuity was observed (0.056 logMAR, t = 2.79, p = 0.018). Further correction of third order Zernike aberrations resulted in an additional improvement of 0.041 logMAR (t = 2.63, p = 0.023). But an additional correction of spherical aberration did not produce a significant increase in visual acuity (t = 1.10, NS). Full correction of aberrations achieved the best visual acuity with an improvement of 0.022 logMAR (t = 2.46, p = 0.032). The visual acuity was found to increase with the root mean square values of the residual aberrations with a linear relationship (r = 0.63, p < 0.0001).Conclusions.Correction of monochromatic wavefront aberrations improves visual acuity for normal eyes and the improvement of visual acuity is proportional to the change of root mean square of wavefront aberrations.

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