aNuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United KingdomDepartments of bPsychology andcAnesthesia, Alan Edwards Centre for Research on Pain, McGill University, Montreal, QC, CanadadNeurorestoration Group, Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United KingdomeStructural and Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, University College London, London, United Kingdom
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Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons provide connectivity between peripheral tissues and the spinal cord. Transcriptional plasticity within DRG sensory neurons after peripheral nerve injury contributes to nerve repair but also leads to maladaptive plasticity, including the development of neuropathic pain. This study presents tissue and neuron-specific expression profiling of both known and novel long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) in the rodent DRG after nerve injury. We have identified a large number of novel LncRNAs expressed within the rodent DRG, a minority of which were syntenically conserved between the mouse, rat, and human, and including, both intergenic and antisense LncRNAs. We have also identified neuron type–specific LncRNAs in the mouse DRG and LncRNAs that are expressed in human IPS cell–derived sensory neurons. We show significant plasticity in LncRNA expression after nerve injury, which in mice is strain and gender dependent. This resource is publicly available and will aid future studies of DRG neuron identity and the transcriptional landscape in both the naive and injured DRG. We present our work regarding novel antisense and intergenic LncRNAs as an online searchable database, accessible from PainNetworks (http://www.painnetworks.org/). We have also integrated all annotated gene expression data in PainNetworks, so they can be examined in the context of their protein interactions.