A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE RISK FOR SERIOUS BACTERIAL INFECTIONS IN HOSPITALIZED FEBRILE INFANTS WITH OR WITHOUT BRONCHIOLITIS


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Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess prospectively the frequency of concurrent serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants ≤3 months of age with or without bronchiolitis. SBI was detected in 30 of 312 (9.6%) infants without bronchiolitis compared with 3 of 136 (2.2%) infants with bronchiolitis. The risk of SBI in febrile infants is significantly lower in the presence of bronchiolitis.

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