Hospital-Based Surveillance for Rotavirus Gastroenteritis using Molecular Testing and Immunoassay During the 2011 Season in Botswana

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We describe rotavirus testing and clinical characteristics for children admitted with acute gastroenteritis during Botswana's 2011 rotavirus season. The rotavirus season extended from June to October with rotavirus-specific case fatality being 2.8%. Using molecular testing as reference, the immunochromatographic test had a sensitivity of 76.5% and specificity of 68.0%. Rotavirus vaccine may significantly reduce childhood morbidity and mortality in Botswana.

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