|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
New anatomic observations and expanded aesthetics are presented based on an in-depth analysis of 50 patients undergoing primary open rhinoplasty. The alar cartilages can be conceived of as three crura (medial, middle, and lateral), each composed of two segments, plus distinct intervening junction points of aesthetic importance. The classic four-dot tip aesthetics can be expanded and wrapped around the nasal lobule in a three-dimensional fashion. Three nasal tip angles are easily defined (angle of tip rotation, angle of domal definition, and angle of domal divergence) and can be created surgically.