Cyanoacrylate Fixation of the Craniofacial Skeleton: An Experimental Study


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Abstract

This study examined the feasibility of achieving bone fixation of the upper facial skeleton using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate. We compared the fixation obtained with this adhesive to that obtained with plates and screws in an animal model.The stability of fixation of both osteotomies and onlay grafts was studied in six minipigs. Three osteotomies were performed on each side of the skull. Additionally, a parietal split-thickness autograft was fixated to the nasal bone as an onlay. Plates and screws were used on the right and adhesive on the left. The animals were killed at 6 weeks, and both sides were compared biomechanically and histologically.Clinical assessment showed stability of all fragments. No statistical difference was found in the comparison of the maximum torque to failure between analogous plated and glued sides. Radiographic cephalometry revealed no significant displacement of the fragments. Histologic analysis demonstrated bony union.In this study, n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate was as effective as plates and screws in the fixation of surgically created osteotomies of the upper facial skeleton.

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