Rhinoplasty: Personal Evolution and Milestones

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Over the past 35 years, aesthetic rhinoplasty has evolved from a generic, reductive operation to a highly individualized, problem-specific operation that often combines augmentation with reduction. The author's experience has been marked by the following conceptual and technical milestones that have contributed to an ongoing exploration and advancement of nasal surgery: (1) vestibular stenosis: diagnosis of a surgical consequence; (2) etiology and treatment of supratip deformity: the dynamic relationship of soft-tissue contour to skeleton; (3) etiology and treatment of the tip with inadequate projection: tip graft design; (4) practical aesthetics of balance: the augmentation-reduction approach to rhinoplasty; (5) support of the middle vault: functional and aesthetic effects; (6) malposition of the lateral crura: recognition and management; and (7) the significance of the middle crura: clinical and aesthetic considerations. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 105: 1820, 2000.)

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