The double-paddle peroneal tissue transfer is a useful technique for reconstructing the extensive and complex defect that results after ablative surgery for oral cancer. It can facilitate the design and inset of the skin paddle and avoid the need for a second free flap. The two skin paddles can be based on either two cutaneous perforators of the peroneal vessels or two branches of a single cutaneous perforator.
The authors report their experience with double-paddle peroneal tissue flaps (10 fasciocutaneous and five osteocutaneous) in 15 patients. The largest double paddle used was (16 × 9) (15 × 6) cm, and the smallest one was (7 × 5.5) (4.5 × 4) cm. All flaps were used for both intraoral and extraoral defect reconstruction. There was one single skin paddle necrosis caused by erroneous manipulation of the flap 1 week after the operation; however, the skin paddle had survived completely before the manipulation. All other flaps survived completely, with a good to excellent appearance, and no patient had a significant gait disturbance after the operation. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 106: 47, 2000.)