Subciliary versus Subtarsal Approaches to Orbitozygomatic Fractures

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Learning Objectives:After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe the anatomic differences in the subciliary versus the subtarsal approach. 2. Discuss the difference between the “skin-only” and the “skin-muscle flap” variations of the subciliary approach. 3. Discuss the potential complications of both approaches. 4. Discuss the advantages of the subtarsal approach versus the subciliary approach.Many incisions have been described for approaches to orbitozygomatic fractures, the most frequently used being the subciliary incision with its modifications, the subtarsal incision, and the transconjunctival incision with or without lateral canthotomy. Each of these approaches has its advantages and disadvantages that may make it more or less appealing to use depending on the patient's age and severity of fracture. A balance must be struck between adequate exposure and acceptable cosmetic result. This article reviews the literature with particular respect to the transcutaneous approaches of subciliary versus subtarsal techniques in the treatment of orbitozygomatic fractures. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 111: 1708, 2003.)

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