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Subfascial placement of implants was introduced 3 years ago. Collected data reveal very promising short-term and long-term results in comparison with subglandular and subpectoral positioned implants. The clinical experiences of 69 breast augmentations in the subfascial position are reported. The indications for this technique are proposed. The incidence of complications is described from clinical experiences and compared with that for other methods. From January of 1998 through May of 2002, 328 patients underwent periareolar augmentation mammaplasty; 105 patients had a subglandular mammaplasty, 154 patients had a subpectoral mammaplasty, and from August of 1999 through May of 2002, 69 patients had a subfascial augmentation mammaplasty. The mean postoperative follow-up time was 3.6 years in the subglandular group, 3.5 years in the subpectoral group, and 2.9 years in the subfascial group. In comparing the results of the subglandular augmentation group with those of the subpectoral and subfascial augmentation groups, the total rate of complications diminished significantly. The long-term complications of severe capsular contracture, rippling, and nipple sensation and numbness in subglandular augmentation mammaplasty could be significantly reduced (p < 0.05). The subfascial augmentation mammaplasty unites all the advantages of the subpectoral augmentation mammaplasty but eliminates the disadvantages of increased postoperative discomfort and disturbing muscle movement of the breast.