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Functional outcomes in breast reconstruction are important quality measures and aid in patients' decision-making process. To address the concerns of abdominal wall morbidity with transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap reconstructions, the authors prospectively evaluated the long-term effects of postmastectomy breast reconstruction on trunk function using objective clinical measures.Using a multicenter prospective cohort design, they recruited women undergoing first-time immediate or delayed breast reconstructions from 12 centers and 23 plastic surgeons. Trunk functional data, objectively measured with Cybex machines, for patients with an expander/implant, pedicle TRAM, and free TRAM reconstructions were evaluated preoperatively and at postoperative years 1 and 2 in 183 patients. The effects of procedure type, timing, and laterality on trunk peak torque and range of motion were analyzed using linear regression.At 2 years postoperatively, procedure type, timing, and laterality did not significantly affect the range of motion for trunk flexion and extension. Peak torque for trunk flexion at year 2 was significantly decreased in patients with TRAM compared with expander/implant reconstructions (p < 0.05), with a 6 to 19 percent decrease in flexion peak torque. However, no significant difference in flexion peak torque was found between patients with free and pedicle TRAM reconstructions.The authors found that (1) breast cancer patients with TRAM reconstructions had a less than 20 percent long-term deficit in trunk flexion peak torque and (2) there was no significant difference in trunk function between patients receiving pedicle and free TRAM reconstructions.