Proliferation-Promoting Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Human Adipose–Derived Stem Cells and Human Dermal Fibroblasts

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Abstract

Background:

This study evaluated changes in platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 release from platelets by platelet-rich plasma activation, and the proliferation potential of activated platelet-rich plasma and platelet-poor plasma on human adipose–derived stem cells and human dermal fibroblasts.

Methods:

Platelet-rich plasma was prepared using a double-spin method, with the number of platelets counted in each preparation stage. Platelet-rich and platelet-poor plasma were activated with autologous thrombin and calcium chloride, and levels of platelet-released PDGF-AB and TGF-β1 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cells were cultured for 1, 4, or 7 days in serum-free Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium supplemented with 5% whole blood plasma, nonactivated platelet-rich plasma, nonactivated platelet-poor plasma, activated platelet-rich plasma, or activated platelet-poor plasma. In parallel, these cells were cultured for 1, 4, or 7 days in serum-free Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium supplemented with 1%, 5%, 10%, or 20% activated platelet-rich plasma. The cultured human adipose–derived stem cells and human dermal fibroblasts were assayed for proliferation.

Results:

Platelet-rich plasma contained approximately 7.9 times as many platelets as whole blood, and its activation was associated with the release of large amounts of PDGF-AB and TGF-β1. Adding activated platelet-rich or platelet-poor plasma significantly promoted the proliferation of human adipose–derived stem cells and human dermal fibroblasts. Adding 5% activated platelet-rich plasma to the medium maximally promoted cell proliferation, but activated platelet-rich plasma at 20% did not promote it.

Conclusions:

Platelet-rich plasma can enhance the proliferation of human adipose–derived stem cells and human dermal fibroblasts. These results support clinical platelet-rich plasma application for cell-based, soft-tissue engineering and wound healing.

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