Surface Modification of Silicone Breast Implants by Binding the Antifibrotic Drug Halofuginone Reduces Capsular Fibrosis

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Abstract

Background:

Capsular fibrosis is one of the most severe complications that can occur in connection with silicone breast implants. Should this case arise, a periprosthetic deposition of fibroid tissue may evolve. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is one of the most important mediators in relation to such processes.

Methods:

The chinazolinone derivative halofuginone is a type I collagen synthesis inhibitor that interferes with the TGF-β signaling pathway. The work at hand examines the local antifibrotic effectiveness of halofuginone lactate, which has been biotechnologically bound to the silicone implant's surface. The experiments in relation to this were conducted in vivo on two groups of seven Sprague-Dawley rats. Group I received untreated silicone implants, and group II received halofuginone-coated silicone implants.

Results:

Submusculary embedded halofuginone-coated silicone implants have shown no systemic side effects. The histologic and immunohistologic examinations of the periprostatic capsules revealed a significant decrease of CD68+ histiocytes, TGF-β, fibroblasts, collagen type I and type III, and capsular thickness after a 3-month period.

Conclusion:

The results confirmed a decrease in foreign body responses to halofuginone surface-modified silicone implants and mark their potential for obtaining a lessened capsular fibrosis by way of a local antifibrotic effect.

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