The Use of AlloDerm in Postmastectomy Alloplastic Breast Reconstruction: Part II. A Cost Analysis

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Abstract

Background:

Increasingly, AlloDerm is being used in alloplastic breast reconstruction, and has been the subject of a recent systematic review. The authors' objective was to perform a cost analysis comparing direct-to-implant with AlloDerm reconstruction to two-stage non-AlloDerm reconstruction.

Methods:

Seven clinically important health outcomes and their probabilities for both types of reconstruction were derived from the recent review. A decision analytic model from the Canadian provincial payer's perspective was constructed based on these health states. Direct medical costs were estimated from a university-based hospital, yielding expected costs for direct-to-implant reconstruction with AlloDerm and two-stage non-AlloDerm reconstruction. Sensitivity analyses were conducted.

Results:

Baseline and expected costs were calculated for direct-to-implant AlloDerm and two-stage non-AlloDerm reconstruction. Direct-to-implant reconstruction with AlloDerm was found to be less expensive in the baseline ($10,240 versus $10,584) and expected cost ($10,734 versus $11,251) using a 6 × 16-cm AlloDerm sheet. With a 6 × 12-cm sheet, expected cost falls to $9673. By increasing direct-to-implant operative time from 2 hours to 2.5 hours, expected cost rises to $11,784. If capsular contracture rate requiring revision is set at 15 percent for both procedures, expected costs are $10,926 and $11,251 for direct-to-implant and two-stage procedures, respectively. If the capsular contracture rate is lowered for either procedure, this has minimal impact on expected cost.

Conclusions:

Although AlloDerm is expensive, it appears to be cost-effective if used for direct-to-implant breast reconstruction. The methods used here may be extrapolated to different centers incorporating local costs and complication rates. A formal randomized controlled trial, including costs, is recommended.

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