Population-Based Single-Center Outcome for Pediatric Catheter Ablation of Common Supraventricular Tachycardias

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Catheter ablation has become the preferred treatment for common supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in children and adolescents, but long-term follow-up data on pediatric patients remain limited.


To provide follow-up data, we created a population-based prospective pediatric catheter ablation registry in 1997. All patients underwent clinical follow-up at 1 month and 1 year after the procedure. The follow-up data were completed with a single questionnaire in 2010.


Of 318 patients, 289 (91%) required one to three procedures for successful ablation. A total of 211 (66%) patients had an accessory pathway, 97 (31%) atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, and 10 (3%) atrial tachycardia. Two (0.6%) of the 318 patients had serious complications: the first had a complete atrioventricular block and required a pacemaker, while the second had a hemopericardium, which was treated with drainage. A successful ablation procedure was followed by a recurrence in 18 (6%) patients during childhood. In addition, two patients had atrial fibrillation and one had a focal atrial tachycardia as adults after a successful ablation procedure during childhood. Moreover, 12 (4%) patients, who had undergone a successful ablation, complained of increased heart rate after exercise compared to their status before the procedure.


In our cohort study of 318 pediatric patients, with a mean follow-up of 5 years, SVT ablation was successful for 91% of the patients. Arrhythmia recurred in 6% of the patients. The increased sinus rate following radiofrequency ablation, observed in 4% of pediatric patients, constitutes a new finding, which warrants attention in other patient series.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles