The Effects of Glucagon-like Peptide-I (GLP-I) on Hormone Secretion from Isolated Human Pancreatic Islets

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Abstract

Summary

Glucagon-like peptide-I (GLP-I) is a potent in-cretin hormone that is now considered as a new therapeutic tool in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. In this study we characterized the effects of GLP-I on peptide hormone release from isolated human pancreatic islets. GLP-I stimulated insulin release in the presence of 10 mM glucose (2.8 mM glucose, 100%; 10 mM glucose, 166%; 10 mM glucose + 10 nM GLP-I, 222%) but had only a weak insulinotropic effect (128%) at 2.8 mM glucose. Glucagon release was inhibited by 10 mM glucose (2.8 mM glucose, 100%; 10 mM glucose, 72%) and by 10 nM GLP-I at 2.8 mM glucose (67%). Somatostatin secretion was increased by 10 mM glucose (2.8 mM glucose, 100%; 10 mM glucose, 166%). GLP-I stimulated somatostatin release in the presence of 2.8 mM glucose (172%). Pancreatic polypeptide (PP) secretion was enhanced by 10 mM glucose (2.8 mM glucose, 100%; 10 mM glucose, 236%). GLP-I induced PP release only in the presence of 2.8 mM glucose (184%).

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