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This study aimed to investigate the relationship between hospital volume and clinical outcome in patients with acute pancreatitis, using a Japanese national administrative database.A total of 7007 patients with acute pancreatitis were referred to776 hospitals in Japan. Patient data were corrected according to the severity of acute pancreatitis to allow the comparison of risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality and length of stay in relation to hospital volume. Hospital volume was categorized based on the number of cases during the study period into low-volume (<10 cases), medium-volume (10-16 cases), and high-volume hospitals (HVHs, >16 cases).Increased hospital volume was significantly associated with decreased relative risk of in-hospital mortality in both patients with mild and those with severe acute pancreatitis. The odds ratios for HVHs were 0.424 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.228-0.787; P = 0.007) and 0.338 (95% CI, 0.138-0.826; P = 0.017), respectively. Hospital volume was also significantly associated with shorter length of stay in patients with mild acute pancreatitis. The unstandardized coefficient for HVHs was −0.978 days (95% CI, −1.909 to −0.048; P = 0.039).This study demonstrated that hospital volume influences the clinical outcome in both patients with mild and those with severe acute pancreatitis.