Histopathological Correlations of Islet Amyloidosis With Apolipoprotein E Polymorphisms in Type 2 Diabetic Chinese Patients


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

ObjectiveIslet amyloidosis and arteriosclerosis are histopathological hallmarks in type 2 diabetes. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a common component of amyloidosis. ApoE [Latin Small Letter Open E]4 allele is associated with arteriosclerosis and cerebral amyloidosis in Alzheimer disease. We examined the correlations of ApoE polymorphisms with islet amyloidosis in type 2 diabetes.MethodsGenomic DNA samples were obtained from 117 autopsy cases with type 2 diabetes and 209 nondiabetic cases. ApoE genotypes and amylin gene mutations were determined by polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction analysis. Islet amyloidosis and arteriosclerosis were evaluated by staining of thioflavin T, amylin, ApoE, and amyloid P component.ResultsIn the diabetic group, 33.3% in group [Latin Small Letter Open E]2 ([Latin Small Letter Open E]2[Latin Small Letter Open E]2, [Latin Small Letter Open E]2[Latin Small Letter Open E]3), 23.6% in group [Latin Small Letter Open E]3 ([Latin Small Letter Open E]3[Latin Small Letter Open E]3), and 62.5% in group [Latin Small Letter Open E]4 ([Latin Small Letter Open E]4[Latin Small Letter Open E]4, [Latin Small Letter Open E]3[Latin Small Letter Open E]4) had islet amyloidosis. After adjustment for confounders, group [Latin Small Letter Open E]4 had an odds ratio of 7.0 (95% confidence interval, 1.3–38.0; P = 0.023) in having islet amyloidosis compared to group [Latin Small Letter Open E]3. Diabetic cases with islet amyloidosis had more severe arteriosclerosis (P = 0.0111), arteriolar hyalinosis (P = 0.0369), and interstitial fibrosis (P = 0.0188) than those without amyloidosis. Immunoreactivity of both ApoE and amyloid P component was detected in islet amyloid deposits and arteriosclerotic lesions.ConclusionsIn type 2 diabetes, islet amyloidosis and arteriosclerosis share common pathophysiological features with ApoE [Latin Small Letter Open E]4 as a probable linking factor.

    loading  Loading Related Articles