A Systematic Review of Solid-Pseudopapillary Neoplasms: Are These Rare Lesions?


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Abstract

ObjectiveThe aim of the study was to determine if there had been any change in the number of solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) cases detected and their evaluation or management over time.MethodsA systematic review of SPN was performed of all articles published in English in PubMed and Scopus.ResultsA total of 2744 patients with SPN were identified in 484 studies published between 1961 and 2012; 87.8% of the cases were reported between 2000 and 2012. A total of 2408 (87.8%) were females, and the mean age was 28.5 (SD, 13.7) years. The most common symptom was abdominal pain in 63.6% of the cases and incidentally detected in 38.1% of the cases. There were 2285 patients who underwent pancreatic resection. The mean tumor size was 8.6 (SD, 4.3) cm. Follow-up was reported for 1952 (90.5%) patients, with a mean follow-up of 36.1 (SD, 32.8) months. Disease-free survival was documented in 1866 (95.6%) patients with recurrence in 86 (4.4%) patients; the median time to recurrence was 50.5 months.ConclusionsThe number of SPNs reported in the literature has seen a 7-fold increase in the number of cases reported since 2000 compared with before. Solid-pseudopapillary neoplasms continue to be primarily found in young women and present with nonspecific symptoms. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment with an excellent long-term prognosis.

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