Objectively Measured Daily Physical Activity and Postural Changes as Related to Positive and Negative Affect Using Ambulatory Monitoring Assessments

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Abstract

Objective

The aim of the study was to determine whether objectively measured daily physical activity and posture of sitting, standing, and sit-to-stand transitions are associated with daily assessments of affect.

Methods

Participants (N = 51, 49% female) wore ActivPal accelerometers for 24 h/d for seven consecutive days. Time spent sitting, standing, and being physically active and sit-to-stand transitions were derived for each day. Participants also completed a mood inventory each evening. Multilevel models examined within- and between-person associations of daily physical activity with positive and negative affect, adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, education, and sleep duration.

Results

Within-person associations showed that a 1-hour increase in daily physical activity was associated with a decrease in negative affect over the same day (B = −0.11, 95% confidence interval [CI], −0.21 to −0.01). Between-person associations indicated a borderline significant association between higher average daily physical activity levels and higher positive affect (B = 1.85, 95% CI = −0.25 to 3.94). There were no between- or within-person associations between sitting, standing, and sit-to-stand transitions with affect.

Conclusions

Promoting physical activity may be a potential intervention strategy to acutely suppress negative affective states.

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