INTRAOCULAR VANCOMYCIN LEVELS AFTER INTRAVITREAL INJECTION IN POST CATARACT EXTRACTION ENDOPHTHALMITIS

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Abstract

Purpose

Intravitreal antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment of endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. The purpose of this study is to determine the range of intraocular vancomycin found after intravitreal therapy and assess the optimum time for repeat injections.

Methods

Aqueous and vitreous vancomycin was assayed at the time of reinjection in 14 patients with endophthalmitis showing a poor clinical response after their primary injection. Nine patients received vancomycin 2 mg and another five received vancomycin 1 mg. In six patients the injection was repeated at 48 hours and in seven at 72 hours. Two patients received three injections.

Results

Aqueous vancomycin varied from 8.4 to 170 mg/L and the vitreous vancomycin level ranged from 21.2 to 220 mg/L.

Conclusions

In the current study vitreous vancomycin levels were variable, but well within the therapeutic range for sensitive Gram-positive organisms. At times they exceeded the putative retinotoxic levels (100 mg/L). Higher aqueous levels were found after an injection of 2 mg than after 1 mg. Vancomycin levels were still very high 3 days after injection of 2 mg where results were available. Assay at the time of repeat injection may provide insight into the adequacy of vitreous levels and guide future therapy.

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