IMAGING THE RETINA BY EN FACE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

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Abstract

Purpose:

To present the possibilities of a new system that combines optical coherence tomography (OCT) and confocal ophthalmoscopy, producing en face OCT images in patients with retinal diseases.

Methods:

A prototype OCT Ophthalmoscope (OTI, Toronto, Canada) was used to scan patients with retinal conditions. The system uses a super luminescent diode (λ = 820 nm; Δλ = 20 nm) and currently scans at a rate of 2 frames per second. In each frame, the OCT Ophthalmoscope simultaneously produces a transversal OCT scan and a confocal image in the X/Y plane. Both images correspond pixel to pixel.

Results:

Between January 2002 and August 2003, >800 patients with various retinal diseases were scanned with the OCT Ophthalmoscope. Illustrative cases with regularly seen macular diseases are presented, such as macular hole and central serous retinopathy.

Conclusion:

Current difficulties as well as future possibilities of this new en face OCT ophthalmoscope are discussed. By presenting normal and pathologic transversal OCT images made by a prototype OCT Ophthalmoscope, we show that it can provide information not available using conventional OCT imaging.

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