The purpose was to study the histology of the fibrovascular membranes in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) with an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab.Methods:
Light and electron microscopic studies were performed on surgical specimens obtained during a pars plana vitrectomy from 6 PDR eyes after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. The patients had preoperatively received no or scant retinal photocoagulations. The presence and distribution of CD34 was assessed as a marker of vascular endothelium using immunostaining. The presence of vascular endothelial growth factor was stained with a method of immunostaining. As controls, we examined 7 surgical specimens from 7 PDR eyes obtained during pars plana vitrectomy without bevacizumab therapy. All control patients had preoperatively received full or nearly full pan retinal photocoagulations.Results:
Light microscopy showed that the CD34-positive vascular endothelial cells formed capillarylike structures in the fibrovascular membranes of all 13 PDR eyes. Vascular endothelial growth factor was positively stained in the vascular endothelium of both groups; however, the number of vascular endothelial growth factor-positive vascular endothelial cells significantly decreased in the fibrovascular membranes with intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. Electron microscopy showed the newly formed vascular endothelial cells with junctional complex in both groups.Conclusion:
The vascular endothelial cells with decreased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor are still present in the fibrovascular membranes of patients with PDR after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab.