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To study predisposing factors of endophthalmitis in patients with open-globe injury.All 2,340 patients with open-globe injury admitted to our center over 5 years were studied retrospectively, and patients with endophthalmitis were compared with other patients.The number of endophthalmitis cases among patients with open-globe injury was 117 eyes, accounting for an incidence of 5.1%. The risk of endophthalmitis was significantly higher among male patients with pure corneal injuries (6.8%), intraocular foreign bodies (9.3%), traumatic lens rupture (7.1%), trauma resulting from needles (22.2%), and shorter lacerations. The existence of hyphema or iris prolapse was associated with lower rates of endophthalmitis. The mean gap between injury time and operation time was longer in the endophthalmitis group (2.1 ± 1.8 vs. 1.1 ± 1.3 days). Patients with endophthalmitis had significantly lower ocular trauma scores compared with other patients.Posttraumatic endophthalmitis is more likely among patients with open-globe injury that are needle related and among those who have intraocular foreign bodies, traumatic lens rupture, smaller wounds, or wounds exclusively in the cornea. Lower ocular trauma scores in this group of patients with penetrating trauma indicated a greater risk of poor visual prognosis. Therefore, it is suggested that necessary measures and immediate treatment be undertaken in high-risk patients.