|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
To evaluate the effect of internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling on the long-term visual outcomes in eyes with diffuse, nontractional diabetic macular edema.One hundred and sixteen eyes of 58 patients with the same degree of diabetic macular edema in both eyes underwent pars plana vitrectomy with the creation of a posterior vitreous detachment in both eyes. Internal limiting membrane peeling was performed in one randomly selected eye (ILM-off group), and ILM peeling was not performed (ILM-on group) in the fellow eye. The postoperative follow-up period ranged from 12 months to 161 months (average, 80.4 months).In the ILM-off group, the mean best-corrected visual acuity in logMAR units (Snellen equivalent) increased from 0.55 ± 0.31 (20/71) before surgery to 0.35 ± 0.35 (20/45) at 1 year (P < 0.0001) and 0.46 ± 0.43 (20/59) at the final visit (P = 0.058). In the ILM-on group, the mean best-corrected visual acuity increased from 0.55 ± 0.41 (20/71) before surgery to 0.43 ± 0.38 (20/54) at 1 year (P = 0.010) and 0.44 ± 0.45 (20/56) at the final visit (P = 0.043). The differences in the best-corrected visual acuity between the two groups were not significant at any time point.Pars plana vitrectomy with or without ILM peeling improves the long-term visual acuity of nontractional diabetic macular edema. Internal limiting membrane peeling does not affect the postoperative best-corrected visual acuity significantly.