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Purpose:To evaluate the electrooculogram (EOG) in a large series of patients with Best disease and autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy.Methods:A retrospective review of consecutive cases at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Patients with Best disease or autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy who, after electrophysiologic testing, had a normal or atypical EOG light rise were identified. Main outcome measure was EOG amplitude, clinical phenotype and genotype.Results:One hundred thirteen patients were identified with likely disease-causing sequence variants in BEST1 (99 Best disease and 14 autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy). Electrooculograms had been performed in 75 patients. Twenty patients (27%) had no detectable light rise (Arden ratio of 100%) and 49 (65%) had Arden ratios of between 100% to 165%. Six patients (8%) were found to have an EOG light rise of >165%. No cases demonstrated significant interocular asymmetry in EOG amplitude.Conclusion:The current work provides significant clinical evidence that the EOG phenotype in Best disease and autosomal recessive bestrophinopathy is more variable than currently appreciated. As a normal EOG may occur in the presence of a classical fundus appearance, the consequences of BEST1 mutation may be independently expressed, possibly mediated through differential effects on intracellular calcium homeostasis.

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