OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY BIOMARKERS TO DISTINGUISH DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA FROM PSEUDOPHAKIC CYSTOID MACULAR EDEMA USING MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Purpose:In diabetic patients presenting with macular edema (ME) shortly after cataract surgery, identifying the underlying pathology can be challenging and influence management. Our aim was to develop a simple clinical classifier able to confirm a diabetic etiology using few spectral domain optical coherence tomography parameters.Methods:We analyzed spectral domain optical coherence tomography data of 153 patients with either pseudophakic cystoid ME (n = 57), diabetic ME (n = 86), or “mixed” (n = 10). We used advanced machine learning algorithms to develop a predictive classifier using the smallest number of parameters.Results:Most differentiating were the existence of hard exudates, hyperreflective foci, subretinal fluid, ME pattern, and the location of cysts within retinal layers. Using only 3 to 6 spectral domain optical coherence tomography parameters, we achieved a sensitivity of 94% to 98%, specificity of 94% to 95%, and an area under the curve of 0.937 to 0.987 (depending on the method) for confirming a diabetic etiology. A simple decision flowchart achieved a sensitivity of 96%, a specificity of 95%, and an area under the curve of 0.937.Conclusion:Confirming a diabetic etiology for edema in cases with uncertainty between diabetic cystoid ME and pseudophakic ME was possible using few spectral domain optical coherence tomography parameters with high accuracy. We propose a clinical decision flowchart for cases with uncertainty, which may support the decision for intravitreal injections rather than topical treatment.

    loading  Loading Related Articles